Mexico’s culture is vivid, colorful, and influenced by its ancient civilizations like the Aztecs and Mayas as well as European colonization. It’s one of a kind and arguably one of the most fascinating societies in the world.
The Mexican people have a wide range of traditions and customs. They take great pride in their indigenous past, and each region has its own unique cultural traditions and celebrations. This intriguing site has many of its historical customs still intact, making it a fascinating place to visit. They’ve all influenced Mexican cuisine, medicine, customs, and even language in positive ways.
Mexico’s culture is highly influenced by music and dance. Mariachi music, which extends all the way back to the 18th century, is well-known and widely embraced. Traditionally, mariachi ensembles have five members dressed in ‘charro’ outfits. The song “La Cucaracha” (the cockroach!) is played by mariachi bands all over Mexico, so if you haven’t previously heard it, you probably will when traveling there.
Mexicans love to get up and dance to folk music and dance. To many people, the Jarabe Tapatio (Mexican Hat Dance) is synonymous with Mexico and may even be considered the national dance. It’s a festival of courtship, and the dancing takes place under a sombrero to commemorate it. Festivals and fiestas are huge in Mexico and are celebrated all the way down to the smallest of towns. Every community has a patron saint, who is celebrated and processioned every year. There is a fiesta every day of the year in Mexico, no matter how remote the community may be or how affluent the neighborhood.
If you want to experience the vibrancy and color of a Mexican fiesta or holiday, you’ll need to organize your trip to Mexico properly.
The Day of the Dead is a Mexican holiday celebrated on November 1 and 2 throughout Mexico and around the world. It is linked to the Catholic celebrations of All Saints’ Day and All Souls’ Day. Over the course of the long weekend, friends and family will gather to pray for and commemorate those who have passed away. It’s more often portrayed as a day of celebration than mourning in popular culture. Academics in Mexico disagree on whether the festival has indigenous pre-Hispanic roots or if it is a 20th-century rebranding of a Spanish tradition introduced by the presidency of Lázaro Cárdenas to inspire Mexican nationalism by embracing an “Aztec” identity. The celebration has become a national emblem and is taught in the country’s educational system, usually asserting a native origin. UNESCO added the ritual to its Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity in 2008.
Outside of Mexico, the celebration is known as “Da de Los Muertos”. The Mexican government under Lázaro Cárdenas attempted to rename the holiday to All Souls’ Day (Fieles Difuntos) in an effort to secularise the holiday and distinguish it from the Hispanic Catholic festival, whereas in Spain and most of Latin America it is celebrated on All Saints’ Day (Todos Los Santos).
Octavio Paz, the Mexican poet, advocated for promoting Da de Muertos as a continuation of old Aztec rituals honoring death on this day. The holiday’s customs include making ofrendas, or home altars, honoring the departed with Calaveras, Aztec marigolds, and their favorite meals and beverages, and paying respects to their graves by bringing these offerings as gifts.
Mexico is home to people who speak a variety of languages, with Spanish being the most widely used. There are eleven indigenous language families represented among the native tongues, including four isolated dialects and one brought over from the United States. About 350 dialects of these indigenous language families are recognized by the Mexican government, making up 63 of the nation’s 68 official national languages. The vast majority of people in the country are only fluent in Spanish. Some indigenous and immigrant groups are multilingual, while others are monolingual. Many deaf people in Mexico communicate using Mexican Sign Language, and there are a few indigenous sign languages as well.
Spanish is the official language of government in Mexico, but it does not have the status of an official main language in legislation. Under the country’s new Linguistic Rights Law, Spanish joins 63 other indigenous languages as official national languages (from seven large families, plus four counted as language isolates). The law, which was passed in 2003, mandates that the state provide all of its services in the native language of its residents, however, this is not yet the reality. Many people came forward with Arbitral Tribunal in regards to this issue. Because the National Institute of Indigenous Languages (INALI) considers distinct ethnic groupings for political classification, the number of spoken languages in Mexico is substantially higher than the 63 national languages.
The Mixtecs are of one ethnicity, and as a result, the language they speak is considered to be a single language for governmental and legal purposes. However, there are a dozen distinct Mixtec dialect regions, each of which includes at least one variety that is not mutually intelligible with those of the other dialect regions. There are currently 282 indigenous languages spoken in Mexico, in addition to a handful of immigrant languages.